PREPARE FOR CAMPING?
The required part of the equipment is a good fit. If your camping will last for two to three days, feel free to choose a plastic suitcase, but in the event of a longer stay, select some tighter accessories. In any case, it must contain cups, plates, plates, cans openers, spoons, knives and forks.
The size and quality of the rucksack are extremely important if your journey lasts for a week or longer. The last thing you want is that your cheap handkerchief breaks down in the middle of the night. In addition to having to be quality, the type of rucksack is also important, so choose those with as many outer bulkheads, pockets, accessories. The size of the rucksack is also important because you need to take a tent and a sleeping bag and cooking utensils and food and water and clothes â¦ For a long time your choice must be a ranch from 80 to 100 liters, while for a weekend camping is enough and a 50-liter .
If you do not want to find out what it means to sleep badly on camping and wake up frozen in the morning, pay close attention to choosing a sleeping bag. There are bags for all seasons, and you can choose the bag according to the weather conditions in which you camp.
LIVE WITH NATURE â CAMPING
For a shorter stay in one place (lodging, 2-3 days break) the bivouac is arranged, and for a longer stay camp or camp. In both cases, the same hygienic principles are applied, but more and more complicated improvisations are not being considered here.
Although at first sight it may seem easy, choosing the right place for camping can be a big problem. The place for setting the tent must be dry, drained, slightly inclined, protected from the wind, with trees or near the forest, located 2-3 km from the swamp. It is desirable to have nearby water (river, lake, spring â¦). In the mountainous areas, it is necessary to take care of the abrasion of the walls, snow and avalanches. Also avoid stony ground, places with dense vegetation, and places where there are field rodents.
How to recognize the ground? In summer, pale greenish grass grows on it. The earth was dry and partially cracked on the surface while its lower parts were bare. There are no traces of moss between bushes and grass.
If it has moisture and water, the grass is lush and has a bright green color. There are also many mosses among the bushes and at the foot of the trees. If you need to set up a tent in this place, it is good to place a plastic foil (nylon) under the tent underneath the tent as an insulation, but still avoid places near the rivers and streams themselves. Even the smallest stream of water during the heavy rains turns into a torrent that can be very dangerous. Avoid land surrounded by hills and sandy soils.
ORIENTATION IN NATURE
Certainly one of the most important things. Knowing orientation sometimes can truly represent the boundary between life and death. It is certain that you have heard stories about people who strayed in the wild and because they did not know how to orient and determine the direction of movement, they never returned again. It is very easy to get caught in nature, especially if there are adverse weather conditions: fog, rain, darkness â¦ Do not think that it only happens to beginners or inexperienced â and very experienced coworkers are going to lose, but itâs nothing terrible if you know how to Youâre orienting yourself. That is why we will now learn something about orientation, in many cases, so everyone will use the method that is easiest or possible in the given circumstances.
Saving food in nature most often requires improvisation as well as an excellent knowledge of edible species: both plants and animals. Thatâs why this area itself is too extensive and goes beyond the purpose of this manual, but here I will give some general remarks as well as some useful tips that can help you in case of an emergency.
Of the 300,000 species of wild plants, more than half can be eaten. The quantities of wild plants and animals that can be found, both by time and by species, are very different. Hence the need to frequently cook dishes combined with several different types. For culinary purposes, the same amount of wild edible plants is taken, as when a meal is cooked from cultivated garden plants.
It is very important that wild vegetable plants and salads are even richer in vitamins than cultivated plants. Since plants during aging are becoming richer with cellulose (hence less digestible) and increasingly bitter, feeding should primarily be used by young plants. The brightest and most fruitful are young herbs in the spring, or new shoots that spring out in the autumn. In summer young plants should be looked for in wet and shady places. The bitterness is somewhat removed by disposing of the first water during cooking. Some plants can be eaten raw (salads, fruits), which provides more vitamins and minerals. However, the herb is, as a rule, softer, more digestible and tastier when cooked.